Cara Menginstall Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP (LAMP) di CentOS 7

LAMP merupakan singkatan dari Linux, Apache, MySQL dan PHP adalah sebuah set instalasi yang sangat populer untuk sebuah web server yang mendukung PHP dan MySQL.

Untuk masuk ke dalam root pada CentOS 7 VM anda, silahkan mengikuti tutorial kami berikut :

SSH
http://faq.biznetgiocloud.com/index.php?action=artikel&cat=11&id=104&artlang=id&highlight=ssh

Langkah Pertama – Install Apache
Apache adalah open source software gratis yang berjalan pada lebih dari 50 % web server di dunia.Untuk menginstall Apache, buka terminal dan ketikkan command berikut:

yum install httpd -y

Setelah menginstall itu , anda dapat mulai menjalanka service apache dengan command berikut:

systemctl start.httpd service

Untuk memeriksa apakah apache sudah terinstall dengan baik, buka browser dengan IP publik VM anda (contoh: http://103.58.100.12). Berikut tampilan yang akan tampil jika apache berhasil terinstall:

centos7-apache_compressed

Anda melihat IP publik yang digunakan oleh VM anda, jalankan command berikut:

curl ifconfig.co

Langkah Kedua – Install MySQL (MariaDB)

MySQL adalah sistem manajemen database yang kuat digunakan untuk mengatur dan mengambil data pada server virtual.

Untuk menginstal MySQL (MariaDB), buka terminal dan ketik perintah ini :

yum install mariadb-server mariadb

Jalankan perintah berikut ini:

systemctl start mariadb

Setelah itu, jalankan perintah ini:

sudo /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation
NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none):
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: YES)
Enter current password for root (enter for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n] y
New password:
Re-enter new password:
Sorry, passwords do not match.

New password:
Re-enter new password:
Sorry, passwords do not match.

New password:
Re-enter new password:
Sorry, passwords do not match.

New password:
Re-enter new password:
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
... Success!

By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]
... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]
... Success!

By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]
- Dropping test database...
... Success!
- Removing privileges on test database...
... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]
... Success!

Cleaning up...

All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB!

Agar dapat langsung digunakan setelah boot, jalankan command berikut:

systemctl enable mariadb.service

Langkah Ketiga – Install PHP
PHP merupakan open source web dengan bahasa script yang banyak digunakan untuk membangun halaman web dinamis.
Untuk menginstal PHP pada VM, ketik perintah ini:

yum install php php-mysql –y

Silahkan restart service apache dengan perintah ini:

systemctl restart httpd.service

PHP juga memiliki berbagai library yang berguna dan modul yang dapat ditambahkan ke server Anda . Anda dapat melihat library yang tersedia dengan mengetik :

yum search php-

Terminal kemudian akan menampilkan daftar modul PHP yang sudah terinstall. Maka akan terlihat seperti ini:

============================== N/S matched: php- ===============================
php-bcmath.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the bcmath library
php-cli.x86_64 : Command-line interface for PHP
php-common.x86_64 : Common files for PHP
php-dba.x86_64 : A database abstraction layer module for PHP applications
php-devel.x86_64 : Files needed for building PHP extensions
php-embedded.x86_64 : PHP library for embedding in applications
php-enchant.x86_64 : Enchant spelling extension for PHP applications
php-fpm.x86_64 : PHP FastCGI Process Manager
php-gd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the gd graphics library
php-intl.x86_64 : Internationalization extension for PHP applications
php-ldap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use LDAP
php-mbstring.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which need multi-byte string
: handling
php-mysql.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases
php-mysqlnd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases
php-odbc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use ODBC databases
php-pdo.x86_64 : A database access abstraction module for PHP applications
php-pear.noarch : PHP Extension and Application Repository framework
php-pecl-memcache.x86_64 : Extension to work with the Memcached caching daemon
php-pgsql.x86_64 : A PostgreSQL database module for PHP
php-process.x86_64 : Modules for PHP script using system process interfaces
php-pspell.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using pspell interfaces
php-recode.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the recode library
php-snmp.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that query SNMP-managed devices
php-soap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use the SOAP protocol
php-xml.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use XML
php-xmlrpc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use the XML-RPC protocol

Name and summary matches only, use "search all" for everything.

Langkah Keempat

Untuk membuat sebuah file php, buatlah file baru:

vi /var/www/html/info.php

Tambahkan perintah berikut:

 <?php phpinfo(); ?>

Setelah itu simpan dan keluar.

Lalu akses ip publik anda melalui browser http://103.58.100.12/info.php

php-centos-7

Demikian langkah-langkah menginstall lamp pada CentOS 7